Riddle of Alexander of Macedon: Why "the flight of Tsar Alexander" was popular in Russia and throughout the Christian world
A unique pectoral cross was found on the land of the former Drutsk faction, which emerged in the 11th century on the way "from the Varangians to the Greeks". Crosses…

Continue reading →

In Israel, found a ring with a seal that belonged to Pontius Pilate
An unexpected statement was made by Israeli experts after a detailed study of archaeological finds discovered during the excavations of Herodion, a fortress built by King Herod. According to scientists,…

Continue reading →

Who was the legendary Troyan from "The Tale of Igor's Campaign": A long way to the East and back to the West
The story that will be discussed on these pages began with a find of an unusual item on the territory of Ukraine. It was a figure of a person sitting…

Continue reading →

drainage system

How did the first coins appear, what was before them, and who printed the first bills

Money – quite an ancient means for calculations. But market relations arose much earlier. For centuries, the ancient people made purchases, exchanged goods without the use of coins, banknotes and promissory notes. How did you manage to conduct trading operations, and what led to the emergence of modern money – in our material.
What people calculated in ancient times
Market relations emerged as early as 7-8 millennia BC. After the decomposition of the primitive communal society, not only living conditions improved, but also instruments of labor. Due to this, people began to appear surplus manufactured products, which were exchanged for more needed.
Different nations had their own subjects, acting in the role of money. Continue reading

Plumbing, civil rights and technology: What the world lost when the Greeks conquered Troy, and the arias – the Dravidians

The legends of dark times in Europe and Asia are full of enthusiasm for the lost civilizations, developed so high that the listeners of these legends could hardly believe. Much later, with scientific progress, Europeans began to relate to these traditions with increasing skepticism: it is clear that the world is developing from simple technologies to complex ones, where can complex technologies come from simple ones? With the development of archeology, mankind again had to believe in lost civilizations. At least, in comparison with the narrators of the legends, they were very realistic. No Atlantis and aliens – the creations of the human mind and hands.
During the end of the Bronze Age, something happened that could be called the Apocalypse – at least for several developed cultures at once. Natural disasters and economic crises began to shake them, and the final blow struck the raids of much less developed nations. For a long four centuries, barbarism reigned in the lands where before that people used baths, studied science, composed poems and traded with cities on the other side of the seas. Continue reading

The Riddle of Easter Island: What Archaeologists Know About Gigantic Scenery
The mystery of Easter Island stirs the minds of historians and enthusiasts over the centuries. It has not yet been possible to explain the origin of the giant stone statues…

...

8 ancient cemeteries, which were found in our time on construction sites
The bones of people who lived in the old days are often right under the feet of unsuspecting city dwellers, and their graves have long been forgotten. Such old burials…

...

How did the first coins appear, what was before them, and who printed the first bills
Money - quite an ancient means for calculations. But market relations arose much earlier. For centuries, the ancient people made purchases, exchanged goods without the use of coins, banknotes and…

...