The mystery of the Roman Lycurgus Cup: Nanotechnology in the ancient world?
The British Museum holds a very beautiful ancient exhibit - the Roman Lycurgus Cup. But he is more famous for his unusual optical properties. Under normal lighting, the goblet appears…

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Who was the legendary Troyan from "The Tale of Igor's Campaign": A long way to the East and back to the West
The story that will be discussed on these pages began with a find of an unusual item on the territory of Ukraine. It was a figure of a person sitting…

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8 ancient cemeteries, which were found in our time on construction sites
The bones of people who lived in the old days are often right under the feet of unsuspecting city dwellers, and their graves have long been forgotten. Such old burials…

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Skulls with patterns and other mysteries of the ancient Turkish city of Gobekli Tepe, which became an archaeological sensation
The place where the ruins of Gobekli-Tepe are located first came to the attention of scientists back in the 1960s. However, at first almost no one paid attention to the…

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century later

How did the first coins appear, what was before them, and who printed the first bills

Money – quite an ancient means for calculations. But market relations arose much earlier. For centuries, the ancient people made purchases, exchanged goods without the use of coins, banknotes and promissory notes. How did you manage to conduct trading operations, and what led to the emergence of modern money – in our material.
What people calculated in ancient times
Market relations emerged as early as 7-8 millennia BC. After the decomposition of the primitive communal society, not only living conditions improved, but also instruments of labor. Due to this, people began to appear surplus manufactured products, which were exchanged for more needed.
Different nations had their own subjects, acting in the role of money. Continue reading

4 intriguing scientific versions of how the ancient Egyptians looked

In 2014, Ridley Scott removed his biblical epic “Exodus: Kings and Gods” and accidentally unleashed a rather unexpected conflict. In the film, the ancient Egyptian characters are played by white actors, and this angered those who believe that the Egyptians were dark-skinned. But what did the ancient Egyptians actually look like? Most Egyptologists insist there is no reason to believe that the modern concept of race can be applied to the Egyptians. Nevertheless, there are some historical “clues” about what the Egyptians could look like, although we will immediately make a reservation that these are just versions.
1. Herodotus
The Greek historian Herodotus, who wrote a lot about Egypt around 450 BC, was one of the first to indirectly shed light on the appearance of the ancient Egyptians. Continue reading

From where in Egypt pyramids?
The pyramids disturb the minds and hearts of many people - from serious scientists who have devoted their whole lives to the study of mysterious structures, to lovers of conspiracy,…

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10 archaeological finds that were made on the territory of Bulgaria and surprised scientists
The magnificence of Bulgarian archeology is often forgotten and spoken about Ancient Egypt and Greece only. Nevertheless, the history of this Eastern Balkan state spans thousands of years, and several…

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