10 new discoveries that turned the ideas of ancient Egypt upside down
Ancient Egypt is full of secrets and therefore attracts scientists who are looking for clues to the secrets of civilization. And although the excavations in Egypt are carried out almost…

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Plumbing, civil rights and technology: What the world lost when the Greeks conquered Troy, and the arias - the Dravidians
The legends of dark times in Europe and Asia are full of enthusiasm for the lost civilizations, developed so high that the listeners of these legends could hardly believe. Much…

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The mystery of Mohenjo-Daro - the ideal ancient city, all of whose inhabitants died in a flash
This city in the Indus Valley on the territory of modern Pakistan attracted the attention of scientists in 1922. The walls of baked bricks, the perfect layout of neighborhoods and…

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Riddle of Alexander of Macedon: Why "the flight of Tsar Alexander" was popular in Russia and throughout the Christian world
A unique pectoral cross was found on the land of the former Drutsk faction, which emerged in the 11th century on the way "from the Varangians to the Greeks". Crosses…

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Who was the legendary Troyan from “The Tale of Igor’s Campaign”: A long way to the East and back to the West

The story that will be discussed on these pages began with a find of an unusual item on the territory of Ukraine. It was a figure of a person sitting cross-legged (we call this position “Turkish”) a person holding a snake in his right hand that stings him in the shoulder, in the left person holds a cross with blades widening towards the ends. Unfortunately, the first find, which became known to the author, suffered from a significant drawback; the figurine lacked a head.
An unusual find caused a lot of questions and the main one – who was depicted by an ancient master with such unusual symbols? An ornament resembling beads around a neck of a figure (possibly a hryvnia, a symbol of high status in society), crossed legs of a low-sitting figure, all evoked in memory a similar figure from the pantheon of gods of ancient Celts, Cernunnos (or Cernunns), (Horned).
An excellent image of this god is known on the chased bas-relief of a silver cauldron.
However, an essential detail in the image of the figure found in Ukraine was the image of the cross, very similar to the well-known Byzantine crosses. Therefore, the search had to be conducted in line with the Christian tradition. It was only necessary to wait for the discovery of a similar artifact with a whole head. And such a find was made in the Chernihiv region of Ukraine. It immediately became clear that at the heart of the tradition of depicting these figures lies the art of nomads. The face with Mongoloid features, characteristic antennae, very much resembled the images of the faces of stone “women” who were on the steppe expanses from Altai to Ukraine and Belarus. Another characteristic feature
there were two braided pigtails on the sides of the head.
It is known that among the noble medieval Mongols (both men and women) hairstyles with two braids that were woven at the temples behind the ears were common. Of course, stone “women” have a multi-temporal origin, but in general they reflect the cult of the ancestors of various nomadic peoples. The etymology of the word “baba” comes from the Turkic “balbal”, which means “ancestor”, “grandfather-father”. In accordance with the topic of this study, we are interested in stone “women” of the Polovtsian period. Of all known types of Polovtsian stone statues, the greatest similarity is noted in the following types: 1. Images of men with a mustache and a small beard. 2. Images of men mostly without caps, sometimes with one or more braids to the waist. On some figures, one or both ears are decorated with earrings, occasionally there is a hryvnia or necklace around the neck.
The pose of the seated figure has been known since ancient times, and was not necessarily the usual manner of sitting around nomadic peoples. In this position sits the scribe of ancient Egypt, in a similar position, but a higher level (prayer) portrayed Indian gods.
Who does the bronze figure found in the Chernihiv region represent? This sounds sensational, but, according to the author, this is a depiction of the mysterious Troyan from the Lay of Igor.
What is widely known about the faith of the Mongols and other Turkic peoples before the adoption of Islam is that they professed shamanism and Tengrianism. However, this is not quite the full story. For a number of historical and political reasons, the fact that some nomadic peoples converted to Christianity before the baptism of Russia was ignored, although this was Nestorian Christianity, recognized as a heresy and Orthodoxy, and Catholics. However, there are indirect prerequisites that there is a possibility and artifacts are found confirming that the Nestorian Christianity was familiar to the tribal unions of the “Kiev culture”. Although, of course, the commitment to the pagan cult is confirmed by a sufficiently large number of found artifacts.
So consider what is known today about the history of the Christianization of the nomads. Having postponed consideration of the spread of Nestorianism in Europe, let us pay attention to its distribution in Asia. It turns out that Nestorianism was one of the most important religions along the entire length of the Silk Road. Having spread widely among the Turkic and Mongolian peoples of Central Asia: the Kerait, the Merkit, the Naiman, the Uigurs, Nestorianism penetrated into China and Japan. Thus, Nestorianism was one of the main religions in the vast territories at the end of the first millennium after the birth of Christ. Tombstones from the graves of Nestorian Christians, crosses, pendants and seals are a monument to this period. Having entered into the environment of the nomads, the new religion could not but experience the influence of the ancient beliefs of these peoples and their neighbors.

Mysterious prehistoric objects
In the world there are hundreds of mysterious places and objects, which scientists are trying to unravel the secret of more than a dozen years. Stone circles, plates, deities, temples…

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What treasures of the Inca came to our time, and where is the lost "golden" city of Paytiti
The legend of Eldorado, having arisen once, does not cease to inspire the whole world for all sorts of searches, including creative ones. Fascinating books and films are created about…

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