What did the ancient Roman city of Herculaneum look like, buried under the lava of Vesuvius?
Herculaneum is one of the three cities that fell victim to the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 year. The ruthlessness of nature, which destroyed the inhabitants and their homes, impresses…

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Giant images of the Nazca Valley: Communication with a deity or signals to space ships?
Civilizations left in the past have left riddles to modern man, on the solution of which the best minds of historians and archaeologists are thrown. A number of riddles have…

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Who was the legendary Troyan from "The Tale of Igor's Campaign": A long way to the East and back to the West
The story that will be discussed on these pages began with a find of an unusual item on the territory of Ukraine. It was a figure of a person sitting…

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Archaeologists have discovered the skeleton of a man who used a knife instead of a prosthetic arm
Who among us does not remember the formidable captain Hook, the inveterate enemy of Peter Pan? Literature and cinema is replete with characters whose distinctive detail was the presence of…

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Strange ancient artifacts, the origin of which no one can explain

The world is full of strange and mysterious artifacts. Some are almost certainly hoaxes, the others are connected with real stories. In our review of the 10-ka real artifacts, the origin of which scientists can not explain today.
1. The Sumerian Kings List
During excavations in Iraq on the territory of ancient Sumer, a manuscript was found, which lists all the kings of this state. The researchers initially thought that this was a common historical document, but later it turned out that many of the kings were mythological characters. Some rulers who should have been included in the list were missing from it. Others were attributed to incredibly long periods of rule or mythical events associated with them, such as, for example, the Sumerian version of the Great Flood and the exploits of Gilgamesh.
2. Gigas Codex (or Devil’s Bible)
The most famous is the ancient Codex Gigas manuscript, better known as the Devil’s Bible. Raise this book, made of 160 skins, can only 2 people. Legend has it that the Codex Gigas was written by a monk who, after the death sentence was pronounced to him, according to which the monk should have been mortalized alive in a wall, made a deal with the devil. With the help of the Devil, the monk wrote a book in one night (and, moreover, the self-portrait was written by the devil).
Oddly enough, the handwriting in the book is remarkably clear and the same, as if it was actually written in a short period of time. Nevertheless, scientists believe that such work would take from 5 years (if you write without interruption) to 30 years. The manuscript contains seemingly incompatible texts: the complete Latin Vulgate Bible, Josephus Flavius’s Jewish Antiquities, the collection of medical works by Hippocrates and Theophilos, Cosmos Prague’s Chronicles of Bohemia, The Etymological Encyclopedia by Isidore Sevilli, rituals, eccentricism, and exorcism, and the exorcism of the eccentricism of the ecclesiastical encyclopaedia cities.
3. Easter Island Writing
Almost everyone knows about the famous statues of Easter Island, but there are other artifacts associated with this place, the mystery that could not be solved until now. 24 wooden carved tablets were found that contain a system of symbols. These characters are called “rongorongo”, and they are considered an ancient proto-written form. To date, they could not decipher them.
4. Gobekli Tepe, Turkey
Archaeologists typically claim that religion, the construction of temples and the development of complex rituals are a by-product of human settlements. This conviction shook the Gobekli Tepe temple discovered on the plain of Urfa in south-eastern Turkey. Its ruins may be the oldest organized place of worship known to man. The ruins of Gobekli Tepe date back to 9500 BC, that is, the temple was built 5000 years before Stonehenge.
5. Roman dodecahedrons, Roman Empire
In the regions that were once in the sphere of influence of the Roman Empire, from Wales to the Mediterranean, small, strange objects are found called “dodecahedrons.” They are hollow stone or bronze objects, 4-12 centimeters in diameter with 12 flat pentagonal faces and holes of various sizes on each side. From each corner stick small pens. There were 27 theories put forward, what is it, but none of them could not be proved.
6. Fulachtai Fia, Ireland
Across Ireland, about 6,000 mysterious artifacts have been found in rivers and swamps, which became known as the Fulachtai Fia. In the UK, where they are also found, they are called “Burnt Barrows”. Fulacht fiadh – a mound of soil and horseshoe-shaped stone, in the center of which a trench filled with water is dug. Fulachtai Fia, as a rule, are found singly, but sometimes in groups of 2-6. At the same time there is always a source of water. For what they were built, remains a mystery.
7. Big Zayatsky labyrinth, Russia
Bolshoi Zayatsky Island, which is part of the Solovetsky Archipelago in the north of Russia, hides another mystery. Back in 3000 BC Here not only villages and places of worship were built, but also irrigation systems. But the most mysterious objects on the island are spiral-shaped labyrinths, the largest of which is 24 meters in diameter. The structures are built of two rows of boulders overgrown with vegetation. What they were used for is unknown.

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It was an early summer morning on the Yucatan Peninsula. Archaeologists who excavated the ancient Mayan temple recently woke up and were just about to start work. But the youngest…

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10 copper artifacts that scientists discovered the secrets of the ancients
Copper is one of the first metals with which people began to work around 5000 BC, during the so-called copper era (the chalcolithic period), when there was a radical transition…

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