Copper is one of the first metals with which people began to work around 5000 BC, during the so-called copper era (the chalcolithic period), when there was a radical transition from primitive Neolithic to Bronze stone technology. For millennia, copper has been the main engine of the global economy. The most common prehistoric metal artifacts from copper alloys still surprise archaeologists.
1. The Lost Treasure of the Copper Scroll
On March 14, 1952, an archaeologist discovered a mysterious copper scroll that contrasted sharply with all the other Dead Sea scrolls found earlier in the Qumran caves. The material of the scroll, its author, script, language and style indicate that he ended up in cave number 3 at a different time than 14 other scrolls made of parchment and papyrus. According to Professor Richard Freund, “the copper scroll is probably the most unique, the most important and least understood among the Dead Sea scrolls.” Continue reading
Ancient Greece is undoubtedly one of the most impressive “chapters” in the history of mankind. The complexity and duration of the existence of Greek culture is impressive today, because after this civilization, many ruins and objects of art remained. Archaeologists still find lost cities and strange artifacts, which often reveal new facts about the life of the ancient Greeks.
1. Ancient mall
In those days, a group of shops was called a portico. When archaeologists excavated in 2013 a neighborhood of the ancient coastal city of Argylos, they found a similar portico. Located in Greece near the Aegean Sea, the old shopping center served hundreds of customers about 2,500 years ago. This makes it the oldest ever found in northern Greece. Continue reading
During the excavations, archaeologists first of all pay great attention to the discovered antiquities – be it dusty clay fragments or luxuriously painted frescoes. But on the surface of the found antiquities, sometimes no less interesting finds can be found which can tell no less about the days gone by than the artifacts themselves.
1. Smiling pot
Not so often an ancient potter with a sense of humor. When archaeologists dug up a 4,000-year-old pot, he “smiled” at them. In 2017, when in Turkey near the Syrian border, on excavations that have been going on for 7 years, they discovered another broken pot, it seemed that there was nothing unusual in it. But when the restoration team gathered the fragments in a big pot-bellied pot, she noticed something very familiar to modern people – a smiley. Continue reading